Accueil > éducation, féminisme, geekitude, médecine, science, social science, surveillance > Revue de presse – 17 janvier 2017

Revue de presse – 17 janvier 2017

Ecology

Humans Caused a Major Shift in Earth’s Ecosystems 6,000 Years Ago | Science |

Humans Caused a Major Shift in Earth’s Ecosystems 6,000 Years Ago

We upended a pattern held for 300 million years, and that may mean we are causing a new phase in global evolution

Il semble que cela fasse plus de 6000 ans que l’homme ait un impact majeur sur le climat…

Economy

Why you should always buy the men’s version of almost anything – The Washington Post

Radio Flyer sells a red scooter for boys and a pink scooter for girls. Both feature plastic handlebars, three wheels and a foot brake. Both weigh about five pounds.

The only significant difference is the price, a new report reveals. Target listed one for $24.99 and the other for $49.99.

Pourquoi il est plus intéressant d’acheter la version masculine des produits que vous achetez,( dans le sens où ils sont moins chers, bien entendu 🙂 parce que sinon, c’est parfois exactement le même produit…

Strategies that will change the way you negotiate | Penelope Trunk Careers

1. Pick the best person to negotiate with.

2. Find a weak link in an unfair system.

3. Pay attention to values (theirs, not yours).

4. Know when to stop.

5. Embrace conflict as an essential path to growth.

J’adore Penelope Trunk, j’ai toujours trouvé ses billets utiles et issus d’une véritale expérience personnelle, même s’ils sont souvent difficiles à appliquer 🙂

Medicine

Smithsonian Could Ketamine Be Used to Vaccinate for Depression or PTSD?

The need for progress could hardly be more urgent: Of all illnesses, neuropsychiatric diseases are estimated to put the heaviest burden on society. Nearly half of Americans are affected by some sort of mental disorder at some point in life. Suicides, 90 percent of them among the mentally ill, take 40,000 Americans every year—more than murder or car crashes. Since 2005, the suicide rate among U.S. war veterans has nearly doubled; in the first half of 2012, more service members died by suicide than in combat. Few medical failures are more flagrant than psychiatry’s impotence to save these people.

La ketamine, actuellement utilisée comme drogue et comme anesthésiant, pourrait être utilisée comme vaccin contre la dépression ou le stress post-traumatique. Considérer les maladies mentales comme des maladies et non comme des déséquilibres pourrait changer totalement la prise en charge.

Why Autism in Women Is Misunderstood – The Atlantic

Malheureusement Ghostery bloque ce site. J’ai trouvé un sujet similaire ici:

http://www.forbes.com/sites/emilywillingham/2015/09/04/autistic-girls-are-undiagnosed-underserved-and-misunderstood/#2d10ec911fcb

L’idée est que l’autisme est largement sous-estimé chez les filles à cause de mécanismes de compensations qui développent leur aptitude à communiquer.

Brazil declares emergency after 2,400 babies are born with brain damage, possibly due to mosquito-borne virus – The Washington Post

Brazilian health authorities are sounding the alarm about a mosquito-borne virus that they believe may be the cause of thousands of infants being born with damaged brains.

Le Brézil déclare l’Etat d’Urgence après la naissance de 2 400 bébés avec des malformations cérébrales, sans doutes dues à un virus.

New genetic map of Britain shows successive waves of immigration going back 10,000 years | Home News | News | The Independent

Most soldiers serving under Rome who came to Britain were in any case more likely to be recruits from Gaul and Germany rather than being born in Italy, Sir Walter said.

“The people of the British Isles study gave us a wonderful opportunity to learn about the fine-scale genetic patterns of the UK population. A key part of our success was collecting DNA from a geographically diverse group of people who are representative of the location,” Sir Walter said.

De nouvelles cartes génétiques des Britanniques montrent qu’ils ont un génome commun à 40% avec les Français. De plus, cela montre une grande stabilité génétique à travers les âges.

How and Why I Taught My Toddler to Read

Can we teach our babies to read? Yes. Should we? Probably.

In this essay, I’m going to try to convince parents that it is possible, and may be beneficial, to teach their children to read even while they are babies or toddlers. I also have remarks for researchers throughout. First, I will explain how I taught my own little one, beginning at age 22 months, and introduce some of our methods. Then I will answer various general objections to the notion and practice of teaching tiny tots to read.

Pouvons-nous et devons-nous apprendre à lire à nos enfants avant la maternelle? Je suis personnellement très dubitative devant ce essai. Il me semble que cet âge-là doit être réservé à la découverte de l’espace et à la proprioception. Passer trop vite en deux dimensions est sans doute dommageable.

 

Social science

What Wittgenstein Learned from Teaching Elementary School

Every philosophy major has at some point had to answer the standard challenge: “What are you going to do, teach?”

On pose à chaque élève en philosophie cette question à un moment donné: « Et que feras-tu après, enseigner? » . Wittgenstein l’a fait et cela a eu une grande influence sur son œuvre…

My positive experience as a woman in tech | Lea Verou

Women speaking up about the sexism they have experienced in tech is great for raising awareness about the issues. However, when no positive stories get out, the overall picture painted is bleak, which could scare even more women away.

Lucky for me, I fell in love with programming a decade before I even heard there is a sexism problem in tech. Had I read about it before, I might have decided to go for some other profession. Who wants to be fighting an uphill battle all her life?

Pour une fois, un article qui exprime l’opinion que les femmes peuvent s’adapter dans le monde de la technologie, essentiellement masculin

30% of GOP voters nationally support bombing Agrabah, the country from Aladdin / Boing Boing

Don’t ever let the facts get in the way of a crowd-pleasing massacre.

From The Guardian:

More than 530 Republican primary voters were polled this week on their support for Republican candidates and foreign policy issues including banning Muslims from entering the US, Japanese internment camps from the second world war and bombing Agrabah, the kingdom from Disney’s animated classic, Aladdin.

30% des électeurs pro-républicains se prnoncent pour le bombardement d’Agrabah. Rappelons qu’Agrabah est une ville fictive du dessin animé « Alladin » de Disney…

This column will change your life: Helsinki Bus Station Theory | Life and style | The Guardian

800px-Helsinki_tram_map.png

By Kjet

En bref, la créativité réside dans la persistence à suivre une voie.

Against all odds, print books are on the rise again in the US – Quartz

As of early December 2015, Nielsen says, around 571 million paper books have been sold in the country—a modest but noticeable increase over the 559 million sold in 2014.

While it’d be a stretch to say that the physical book is thriving, it’s at least staying strong. The same can’t be said of the e-book, which is seeing a decline in popularity. A Pew Research Center study in October found that fewer Americans are buying and using e-reading devices like Kindles and Nooks than they did in past years.

Contrairement aux prévisions, de plus en plus de livres sont imprimés aux U.S.A.

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